Maine Biota Project

Mayflies of Maine

(Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Arthropoda, Class Hexapoda, Order Ephemeroptera)


Below is a working list of Maine’s mayflies.
Family Genus Species Authority Common Name Source (full citation given below this table)
Ameletidae Ameletus browni McDunnough ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 8.)
Ameletidae Ameletus lineatus Traver ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, pp. 8–9.)
Ameletidae
Ameletus ludens Needham ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 9.); Procter (1946, p. 46., Bar Harbor: a question mark was added after this entry)
Ameletidae Ameletus tertius McDunnough ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 9.)
Baetidae Acentrella parvula (McDunnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 17., as Baetis armillatus)
Baetidae Acentrella turbida (McDunnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 16., as Acentrella carolina); Procter (1946, p. 46., Bar Harbor: “Duck Brook”, as Baetis pygmaeus)
Baetidae Acerpenna macdonnoughi (Ide) ? Burian and Gibbs, 1991, p. 16.)
Baetidae Acerpenna pygmaea (Hagen) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, pp. 16–17.); Procter (1946, p. 46., Bar Harbor: “Duck Brook” as Baetis pygmaeus)
Baetidae Baetis brunneicolor McDunnough ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 17.)
Baetidae Baetis flavistriga McDunnough ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 18.)
Baetidae Baetis intercalaris McDunnough ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 19.)
Baetidae Baetis pluto McDunnough ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 19); Procter (1946, p. 46., Bar Harbor: “Duck Brook”)
Baetidae Baetis tricaudatus Dodds ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, pp. 20–21.)
Baetidae Callibaetis ferrugineus (Walsh) ? Burian and Gibbs, 1991, pp. 21–22; Procter (1946, p. 46., as ssp. ferrugineus Bar Harbor)
Baetidae Callibaetis ferrugineus ssp. hageni (Walsh) / Eaton ? Bar Harbor: Procter (1946, p. 46., “The Tarn”, “Great Heath”1) as Callibaetis americana and Callibaetis hageni
Baetidae Callibaetis fluctuans (Walsh) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 22.); Procter (1946, p. 46., Mount Desert Island)
Baetidae Callibaetis pallidus Banks ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 22.)
Baetidae Callibaetis pretiosus Banks ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 23.)
Baetidae Centroptilum album McDunnough ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 24. as Procloeon album and p. 25. as Procloeon convexum)
Baetidae Centroptilum semirufum McDunnough ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 23.)
Baetidae Centroptilum triangulifer (McDunnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 23.)
Baetidae Cloeon dipterum (L.) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, pp. 23–24., as Cloeon cognatum)
Baetidae Diphetor hageni (Eaton) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 24., as Acentrella ampla)
Baetidae Heterocloeon amplum (Traver) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 15., as Acentrella ampla)
Baetidae Heterocloeon curiosum (McDunnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 24.)
Baetidae Plauditus cingulatus (McDunnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, pp. 17–18, as Baetis cinctutus
Baetidae Plauditus dubius (Walsh) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 18, as Baetis dubius
Baetidae Plauditus punctiventris (McDonnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 20, as Baetis punctiventris
Baetidae Plauditus veteris (McDonnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 21, as Baetis veteris
Baetidae Plauditus virilis (McDonnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 21, as Baetis virile
Baetidae Procloeon bellum (McDunnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 25.)
Baetidae Procloeon ingens (McDunnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 25.)
Baetidae Procloeon intermediale (McDunnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, pp. 25–26); Procter (1946, p. 46., Mount Desert: “Echo Lake” as Cloeon rubropictum)
Baetidae Procloeon mendax (Walsh) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 26.)
Baetidae Procloeon ozburni (McDunnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 26.)
Baetidae Procloeon rivulare (Traver) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 26.)
Baetidae Procloeon rubropictum (McDunnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, pp. 26–27.)
Baetidae Procloeon rufostrigatum (McDunnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 27.)
Baetidae Procloeon simplex (McDunnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 27.)
Baetidae Pseudocloeon frondale (McDunnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, pp. 18–19, as Baetis frondalis)
Baetidae Pseudocloeon propinquum (Walsh) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 20, as Baetis propinquus)
Caenidae Caenis amica Hagen ? Bar Harbor: Procter (1946, p. 46., “Great Heath”1)
Ephemerellidae Ephemerella dorothea ssp. dorothea Needham ? town not given: Procter (1946, p. 45.)
Ephemerellidae Eurylophella funeralis (McDunnough) ? Bar Harbor: Procter (1946, p. 45., “Witches Hole”) as Ephemerella funeralis
Ephemerellidae Eurylophella temporalis (McDunnough) ? Bar Harbor: Procter (1946, p. 45., “Duck Brook”, “Hulls Cove”) as Ephemerella temporalis
Mount Desert: Procter (1946, p. 45., “Echo Lake”) as Ephemerella temporalis
Ephemerellidae Teloganopsis deficiens (Morgan) ? Bar Harbor: Procter (1946, p. 45., “Duck Brook”)
Mount Desert: Procter (1946, p. 45., “Ripple Pond outlet”) as Ephemerella deficiens
Ephemeridae Ephemera simulans Walker ? Mount Desert: Procter (1946, p. 44., “Echo Lake”)
Heptageniidae Arthroplea bipunctata (McDunnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 32.)
Heptageniidae Cinygmula subaequalis (Banks) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 32.)
Heptageniidae Epeorus fragilis (Morgan) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 33.); Procter (1946, p. 47., Bar Harbor: “Hulls Cove Brook”) as Iron fragilis
Heptageniidae Epeorus frisoni (Burks) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 33.)
Heptageniidae Epeorus pleuralis (Banks) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, pp. 33–34.); Procter (1946, p. 47., Bar Harbor, as Iron pleuralis
Heptageniidae Epeorus vitreus (Walker) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, pp. 34–35., including Epeorus rubidus); Procter (1946, p. 47., as Iron vitrea, Bar Harbor: “Duck Brook”)
Heptageniidae Heptagenia flavescens (Walsh) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 35.)
Heptageniidae Heptagenia pulla (Clemens) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 35.)
Heptageniidae Leucrocuta aphrodite (McDunnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 36.)
Heptageniidae Leucrocuta hebe (McDunnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, pp. 36–37.); Procter (1946, p. 47., as Heptagenia hebe, Bar Harbor: “Duck Brook”)
Heptageniidae Leucrocuta maculipennis (Walsh) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 37.)
Heptageniidae Leucrocuta minerva (McDunnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 37.)
Heptageniidae Leucrocuta walshi (McDunnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, pp. 37–38.)
Heptageniidae Nixe horrida (McDunnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 38.)
Heptageniidae Nixe lucidipennis (Clemens) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 38.)
Heptageniidae Nixe perfida (McDunnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 38.)
Heptageniidae Maccaffertium ithaca (Clemens and Leonard) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, pp. 41–42., as Stenoname ithaca)
Heptageniidae Maccaffertium luteum (Clemens) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 41., as Stenoname luteum)
Heptageniidae Maccaffertium mediopunctatum ssp. mediopunctatum (McDunnough) ? Bar Harbor: Procter (1946, p. 47., “Duck Brook”) as Stenonema mediopunctatum
Heptageniidae Maccaffertium modestum (Banks) ? Bar Harbor: Procter (1946, p. 47., “Duck Brook”) as Stenonema rubromaculatum and Stenonema rubrum
Heptageniidae Maccaffertium vicarium (Walker) ? Bar Harbor: Procter (1946, p. 47.) as Stenonema fuscum
Heptageniidae Rhithrogena amica Traver ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, pp. 38–39.)
Heptageniidae Rhithrogena brunneotincta McDunnough ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 39.)
Heptageniidae Rhithrogena impersonata (McDunnough) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 39.)
Heptageniidae Rhithrogena jejuna Eaton ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, pp. 39–40.)
Heptageniidae Rhithrogena manifesta Eaton ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 40., as Rhithrogena pellucida)
Heptageniidae Rhithrogena uhari Traver ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 40.)
Heptageniidae Stenacron candidum (Traver) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 40.)
Heptageniidae Stenacron interpunctatum (Say) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 41.); Procter (1946, p. 47., Bar Harbor: “Eagle Lake”, as Stenonema canadense and Stenonema interpunctata)
Heptageniidae Stenacron pallidum (Traver) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 41.)
Heptageniidae Stenonema femoratum (Say) ? town not given: Procter (1946, p. 47.) as Stenonema tripunctatum
Isonychiidae Isonychia bicolor (Walker) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 30.)
Isonychiidae Isonychia obscura Traver ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 31.)
Leptophlebiidae Choroterpes basalis (Banks) ? Southwest Harbor: Procter (1946, p. 45.)
Leptophlebiidae Habrophlebia vibrans Needham ? Bar Harbor: Procter (1946, p. 45., “Duck Brook”)
Leptophlebiidae Habrophlebiodes americana (Banks) ? Bar Harbor: Procter (1946, p. 45., “Duck Brook”)
Leptophlebiidae Leptophlebia cupida (Say) ? Tremont: Procter (1946, p. 45., “Bald Mt.”) as Leptolebia cupidus
Leptophlebiidae Leptophlebia johnsoni McDunnough ? Bar Harbor: Procter (1946, p. 45.) as Leptolebia johnsoni
Leptophlebiidae Leptophlebia nebulosa (Walker) ? town not given: Procter (1946, p. 45., “record of capture lost”) as Leptolebia nebulosis
Leptophlebiidae Paraleptophlebia debilis (Walker) ? Bar Harbor: Procter (1946, p. 45., “Great Heath”1)
Leptophlebiidae Neoleptophlebia mollis (Eaton) ? town?: Procter (1946, p. 45., “Duck Pond”) as Paraleptophlebia mollis
Leptophlebiidae Paraleptophlebia volitans (McDunnough) ? Bar Harbor: Procter (1946, p. 45., “Duck Brook”)
Mount Desert: Proctor (1946, p. 45., “Echo Lake”, “Ripple Pond outlet”)
Metretopodidae Metretopus borealis (Eaton) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 28.)
Metretopodidae Siphloplecton basale (Walker) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 28.)
Siphlonuridae Siphlonisca aerodromia Needham ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, pp. 9–10.)
Siphlonuridae Siphlonurus alternatus (Say) ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 10.)
Siphlonuridae Siphlonurus barbaroides McDunnough ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 10.)
Siphlonuridae Siphlonurus demarayi Konratieff & Voshell ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 11.)
Siphlonuridae Siphlonurus marginatus Traver ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 10.)
Siphlonuridae Siphlonurus marshalli Traver ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 10.)
Siphlonuridae Siphlonurus mirus Eaton ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, pp. 10–11.); Procter (1946, p. 46., Bar Harbor: “Green Mt.” [now called Cadillac Mountain])
Siphlonuridae Siphlonurus quebecensis (Provancher) ? Burain and Gibbs (1991, p. 12.); Procter (1946, p. 46., no town given)
Siphlonuridae Siphlonurus rapidus McDunnough ? Burain and Gibbs (1991, p. 13.)
Siphlonuridae Siphlonurus securifer McDunnough ? Burain and Gibbs (1991, p. 13.)
Siphlonuridae Siphlonurus typicus Eaton ? Burian and Gibbs (1991, p. 14.); Procter (1946, p. 46., Bar Harbor)


Note:
1The “Great Heath” in Procter (1946) is the area near Northeast Creek, not the heath in the southern portion of Southwest Harbor.


Sources:
Burian, Steven K., and K. Elizabeth Gibbs. 1991. Mayflies of Maine: An Annotated Faunal List. Maine Agricultural Experiment Station, Technical Bulletin 142.
Procter, William. 1946. Biological Survey of the Mount Desert Region, Part VII. Philadelphia: Wistar Institute.