Papilionidae of Maine
(Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Arthropoda, Class Hexapoda, Order Lepidoptera, Family Papilionidae)

(updated 17 September 2020)

Maine is home to 7 species in 2 genera. If you know which species you have or are interested in learning about, click on the appropriate link from the species list below. Otherwise, to determine which genus your swallowtail belongs to, refer to the table below the species list.

   Battus (1 species)
      Battus philenor - pipevine swallowtail
   Papilio (6 species)
      Papilio polyxenes - black swallowtail
      Papilio brevicauda - short-tailed swallowtail
      Papilio glaucus - eastern tiger swallowtail
      Papilio canadensis - Canadian tiger swallowtail
      Papilio troilus - spicebush swallowtail
      Papilio cresphontes - giant swallowtail

char. 1 char. 2 char. 3
Battus philenor

Battus (swallowtail)
[information to be added]

Battus philenor (pipevine swallowtail) - The Maine Butterfly Survey (2007–2016) determined this species to be a “rare stray”.

Papilio (swallowtail)
[information to be added]

red font = character state unique or nearly so principal color(s) char. 2 char. 3 char. 4 char. 5 char. 6
P. polyxenes black
P. brevicauda black
P. glaucus yellow
P. canadensis yellow
P. troilus black
P. cresphontes black and yellow

Papilio polyxenes (black swallowtail) - The subspecies that has been reported from Maine is asterius.

Papilio brevicauda (short-tailed swallowtail) - The subspecies that has been reported from Maine is gaspeensis.

Papilio glaucus (eastern tiger swallowtail) - [information to be added]

Papilio canadensis (Canadian tiger swallowtail)
   (click on image to enlarge)

Papilio troilus (spicebush swallowtail) - [information to be added]

Papilio cresphontes (giant swallowtail) - [information to be added]