Maine Biota Project

Gymnosperms of Maine

(Kingdom Plantae, Gymnosperms)

Below is a working list of Maine’s gymnosperms. Taxonomy and nomenclature follow Flora Novae Angliae by Arthur Haines (2011, Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-17154-9). For more information about a particular species, click on the link under the heading “Common Name”, and you will be taken to a page for the family that includes that species.
Family Genus Species Authority Sub-species Authority Common Name Notes
Cupressaceae Chamaecyparis thyoides (L.) B. S. P. Atlantic white cedar
Cupressaceae Juniperus communis L. var. depressa Pursh common juniper
Cupressaceae Juniperus horizontalis Moench     creeping juniper
Cupressaceae Juniperus virginiana L. var. virginiana   eastern red cedar
Cupressaceae Thuja occidentalis L.     northern white-cedar
Pinaceae Abies balsamea (L.) P. Mill.     balsam fir
Pinaceae Abies concolor (Gord. & Glend.) Lindl. ex Hildebr.     white fir
Pinaceae Larix decidua P. Mill.     European larch
Pinaceae Larix laricina (Du Roi) K. Koch     American larch, hackmatack, tamarack
Pinaceae Picea abies (L.) Karst.     Norway spruce
Pinaceae Picea glauca (Moench) Voss     white spruce
Pinaceae Picea mariana (P. Mill.) B. S. P.     black spruce
Pinaceae Picea rubens Sarg.     red spruce
Pinaceae Pinus banksiana Lamb.     Jack pine
Pinaceae Pinus nigra Arnott     Austrian pine
Pinaceae Pinus resinosa Ait.     red pine
Pinaceae Pinus rigida P. Mill.     pitch pine
Pinaceae Pinus strobus L.     eastern white pine
Pinaceae Pinus sylvestris L.     Scotch pine
Pinaceae Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr.     eastern hemlock
Taxaceae Taxus canadensis Marsh.     American yew